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Posts Tagged ‘slow loris’

Slow lorises (Nycticebus spp.) are listed as vulnerable or endangered (IUCN Red List) endemic primate species in Indonesia, heavily hunted for the pet trade. During a six-months-period of medical assistance at IAR Ciapus primate center – West Java, a series of Slow Loris uncommon pathologies were reported.

(the following is the ppt. presentation we gave at the International Conference of Diseases of Zoo and Wild Animals, 8-11 May, Vienna- Austria )

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The slow loris is a small primitive nocturnal primate, the only “poisonous” primate which can excrete a toxin underneath its armpit, “deliver” it with the bite which may lead to anaphylactic shock.
When sold as pets in order to reduce the risk of bites , it is a comune practice for people to cut their sharp teeth.
The species is under serious threat of extinction as a result of habitat loss, illegal trade for pets and for traditional medicine. Because of its “cute” appearance, the illegal wildlife trade is believed to be an even bigger threat to the slow loris’s survival than habitat loss.
The Javan slow loris is included in the category of ‘endangered’ species on the IUCN Red List and named as one of the 25 most endangered primates in the world.

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The NGO : International Animal Rescue has established a facility specializing in the care of slow lorises in Ciapus, West Java, Indonesia.
The team here focuses on the rehabilitation and release of the slow loris , long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques. Is the only rehab station of its kind in Indonesia. It shelters around 100 rescued slow lorises.
The centre has a fully equipped veterinary clinic, quarantine enclosures, primate socialization enclosures and a public education centre.

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* This is a case discussion submitted to the Exotic DVM Yahoo group

The condition started 4 months ago, on the 16th of march, when the animal was brought to the clinic presenting  one ulcerative lesion on the palmar side of one finger articulation (on the right leg).
It was treated twice a day with Clindamycin orally and a traditional chinese mix plant powder topically for one week. The ulcer got bigger and after one week we’ve started giving Synulox, Metacam and put bandage on the wound. The process deteriorated involving the underlying tissues, muscles, tendons. After 3 weeks we’ve decided to amputate 2 of the fingers and change the bandage daily under Iso anesthesia. We were not able to find enough skin to surgically close the wound properly so we left it open hopeing to heal per secondam. Topically we’ve put Bioplacenton gel (Neomicyn/ placenta extract mix) and decided to stop the systemic antibiotics.

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* This is a case discussion submitted to the Exotic DVM Yahoo group
Male slow loris, 530 grams, big amount of pus in the cheek due to a tooth extraction.

history:
almost 2 months ago we’ve made the dental extraction of the right and left upper P4 premolars (they were rotten insde), and put him on oral Amoxi/Clav ac. and metacam. The folowing days we saw that there was a little amount of pus from the right upper premolar hole, flush it for a little while and after some other couple of days everything seemed cleaned so we’ve send him to his rehab place.
It passed one week and we saw a fairly big amount of puss coming down from the extraction hole of the right premolar. This time we’ve started giving Baytril for 5 days, but still no improvement so we’ve changed it to Synulox (8 days), and this time we did not see animore the pus (so back to his place agian). (more…)

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* This is a case discussion submitted to the Exotic DVM Yahoo group

Slow loris, endemic in Java Island, Indonesia, 780 grams, adult male (cannot tell the exact age), tail 1,5 cm, backbone problem

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History
-was rescued and brought in the facility on the 12.10.2008, presenting dental problems and one eye with a corneal ulcer (BW 720 grmas). Except those two, the loris had no other clinically visible condition. (more…)

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This is a female slow loris (700g) from IAR wildlife rescue center in Ciapus, Indonesia.

For almost two months the loris has a deep laceration on the plantar side of the hand with 2 fingers been amputated due to a fight with another peer. The laceration affected the finger tendons, and from the 3 renaming fingers, only the big thumb is functional.  It was been given systemically NSAIDs (carpofen) and antibiotics (clindomicyn) for most of this period, without any improvement. It seems that laceration in lorises tend to have a very low healing rate. It was considered the amputation of the hand, but due to the climbing behavior of the lorises and the fact that the remaining fingers were still vascularised, it was considered to try saving the hand. So, for the last three weeks the animal had the hand properly cleaned up and daily a soft bandage was changed.  The animal had to be put under Isoflurane anesthesia, due to the pain caused by the intervention and  lorises particular strength and difficulty of hand restrain.

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